Top 10 Iconic Filipino Architecture

#01.Rizal Monument in Luneta Park - it gives honor to our national hero, Dr. Jose Rizal.

Rizal Park is like an oasis for relaxation and fun in the midst of Manila and situated next to Intramuros. Rizal Park has gardens, historical markers, plazas, a grand stadium, an observatory, an open-air concert hall, an artists' sanctuary, a light-and-sound theatre, restaurants, food kiosks and playgrounds, and dozens of fountains. Rizal Park is in the heart of Manila's thriving financial, commercial, industrial and institutional centers, overlooking the famous and picturesque Manila Bay.

The park was a tribute to the Philippine's national hero, Jose Rizal, a doctor and novelist who was shot by firing squad at this site on December 30, 1896 on charges of fomenting local rebellion against the Spanish government.

#02.Baclayon Church
- its unique beauty and in fact the second oldest church in our country.

The Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception in Baclayon is considered to be one of the oldest churches in the Philippines. It is one of the best preserved Jesuit build churches in the region, although in the 19th century, the Augustinian Recollects added a modern facade and a number of stone buildings that now surround the church. The first Spanish missionaries ordoctrineros in the region, Fr. Juan de Torres and Fr. Gabriel Sanchez, first settled in Baclayon in 1595. Shortly after their arrival, a visita was erected on the spot.

Although Baclayon was the first seat of the Spanish Jesuit missionaries, fear of Moro marauders soon forced them to move their headquarters more inland, to Loboc. Only in 1717, Baclayon became a parish, and construction of a new church commenced. Some 200 native forced laborers constructed the church from coral stones, which they took from the sea, cut into square blocks, and piled on to each other. They used bamboo to move and lift the stones in position, and used the white of a million eggs as to cement them together. The current building was completed in 1727. The church obtained a large bell in 1835. In the Baclayon church is a dungeon, which was used to punish natives who violated the rules of the Roman Catholic church. 

#03. Siliman Hall

The Silliman Hall of Silliman University, found in Dumaguete City, is the oldest standing American structure in the Philippines. The first building to be ever constructed in 1903, 2 years after the birth of Silliman Institute, was the Silliman Hall, a well-situated three storey edifice at the corner of Rizal Boulevard and Silliman Avenue with commanding views of the Dumaguete port and the Rizal Boulevard. It is, for the most part, a model of American design and architecture fashioned like an old-world colonial mansion.

The Silliman Hall, being the only existing facility at that time, held the school library, classroom, faculty and other essential rooms in one roof. At the height of World War II, it was sequestered by the Japanese army and used as their sleeping and eating headquarters before they fled when the American forces came to the rescue.

Silliman Hall Today

Today the Silliman Hall is being used as an ethno-anthro museum where artifacts and archaeological discoveries dating as far back as 2000 years ago are on exhibit. There is also an ethnographic collection retrieved from the tribal minorities of the Philippines. It also houses the Silliman University printing press. During special events, the Silliman Hall serves as a venue for corporate dinners and social gatherings.

#04.Philippine International Convention Center
- it has unique design and how the architect shows mildness out from its massiveness.

The Philippine International Convention Center (PICC) made history as Asia’s first international convention center, setting a trend that led other countries to build their own. Built on reclaimed land along scenic Manila Bay in the Philippine capital, the PICC has more than 70,000 square meters of floor area and a range of facilities that can accommodate almost any gathering of any size. Strategically located, PICC is in the heart of Manila, a few minutes away from the international airport, close to major hotels and exciting nightlife, shopping malls and other interesting tourist spots.

#05. Araneta Coliseum
- some of the greatest shows in this country was being held in this grand edifice.

Smart Araneta Coliseum, known as The Big Dome is an indoor multi-purpose sports arena located in the Cubao area of Quezon City,Philippines. It is one of the largest coliseums and indoor facilities in Asia, and it is also one of the largest clear span domes in the world.
The Smart Araneta Coliseum is mostly used for sports such as basketball, it is the main venue of the Philippine Basketball Association. The Big Dome is also used for boxing, cockfighting, local and international concerts, circuses, religious gatherings, beauty pageants and more.

Its basketball league tenants include the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the University Athletic Association of the Philippines, and the Philippine Basketball Association.

#06. Cultural Center of the Philippines
-   it promote and preserve Filipino arts and culture. It also like its grandeur showing to other countries how beautiful Philippines is.

Cultural Center of the Philippines is a government owned and controlled corporation established to preserve, develop and promote arts and culture in the Philippines.The CCP was established through Executive Order No. 30 s. 1966 by President Ferdinand Marcos. Although an independent corporation of the Philippine government, it receives an annual subsidy and is placed under the National Commission for Culture and the Arts for purposes of policy coordination.The CCP is headed by an 11-member Board of Trustees, currently headed by Chairperson Emily Abrera. Its current president is Raul Sunico.

#07.GSIS Complex
- The building design itself shows how government services must be spread to all the filipino citizens of any class of living.

Since 1936, the Government Service Insurance System has been providing social security benefits for government employees, including life insurance, retirement, and disability for work-related contingencies. The GSIS, through its General Insurance Fund, is also the Philippines’ State Insurer for all assets and properties which have government insurable interests.

#08. Philippine Heart Center
- it has brutalism architecture style, hides a Filipino eminent resiliency.

The Philippine Heart Center in Quezon City was established through Presidential Decree No. 673 issued by president Ferdinand E. Marcos in 1975. Its original name was the Philippine Heart Center for Asia and was changed to its current form in 1975. It was inaugurated on Valentine's Day, February 14, 1975 and graced by renowned cardiovascular experts such as Dr. Christiaan Barnard, Dr. Denton Cooley, Dr. Donald Effler, and Dr. Charles Bailey.

#09.St. Andrew the Apostle Parish
- it is a very remarkable Filipino portation of the great sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Built by National Artist for Architecture Leandro Locsin in 1968, the design of this parish church in Bel-Air Makati is symbolic of the manner the martyr died crucified on an X-shaped cross. The butterfly shaped floor plan emanates from this cruciform. Many other symbolic features mark the tent-like structure, including the giant chandelier over the altar which serves as a halo over the copper cross by National Artist for Visual Art, Vicente Manansala.

#10. Ayala Tower One
-  it depicts the modern era of Filipino Architecture.

Tower One & Exchange Plaza is one of the tallest and most well-known skyscrapers in the Philippines. It has a height of 160 meters (525 feet). The building has 35 floors above ground level, and is originally planned to be the first of three towers for the Ayala Triangle. Plans for the construction of the two additional buildings did not materialize though.

Tower One & Exchange Plaza was designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, LLP. Leandro V. Locsin & Partners was the local architect of record. The building is owned by Ayala Land, a subsidiary of the Ayala Corporation, which is headquartered in the building (see Ownership). Other institutions headquartered at Ayala Tower One include the primary trading floor of the Philippine Stock Exchange and Banco de Oro Universal Bank (BDO). It is the headquarters of the Ayala Corporation, the company that built the Makati Central Business District.